Academia and teaching Politics

#FeesMustFall – the student protests at South African universities

This entry is part of 7 in the series Rhodes

While I’ve co-signed a (as yet unreleased) statement from the academic community on the current student protests, there are of course pieces of that statement that I’d support more strongly than others. I have, however, recently sent the text below out to members of the Free Society Institute, and I reproduce that below for your interest.

It would not have escaped your attention that students, nationwide, are currently engaged in protests regarding university fees as well as other causes such as the outsourcing of workers on university campuses. In fact, the protests have already spread beyond campuses, with workers and protesters gathering at a local Shoprite to campaign for #ThePriceOfBreadMustFall.

Of all the things that need to – or will – fall, one thing that shouldn’t fall is our deep sympathy for the struggles of those who are unable to gain access to things that some of us take for granted, and are no less deserving of those things than we are. Our understanding of the frustration should also not fall, in that the significant State subsidy cuts to universities are arguably “deliberately retrogressive measures” and also unconstitutional – and yet are also part of what has caused university fees to become a serious barrier to entry.

Despite our sympathy and understanding, there is of course another side to the story – my university, for example, makes the case that fees are set high precisely in order to (at least in part) run the most generous financial aid scheme for poorer students currently available in the country. In other words, a fee cut at UCT could plausibly be described as benefiting the rich rather than the poor, as argued in this related piece by a Stellenbosch academic.

We can also be sympathetic to students and staff – and even just members of the community – who are being inconvenienced in various ways, but some of them significant in that exams are currently being written. Some have felt intimidated, and some have even felt themselves to be victims of violence – but even if true, this would surely pale into insignificance by comparison to the violence of tear gas and rubber bullets.

This is not a time for facile judgments, often made outside of context or awareness of the complexities of how the universities have grappled – sincerely – with these issues. I’m frustrated with the protests myself, at times, because I know how seriously UCT takes the issues that are provoking the protests.

However, that has little impact on the legitimacy of the protests, and (in all but the most exceptional of circumstances) the legitimacy of how they have been carried out. From what I have seen in reaction to the protests – the aforementioned riot police, or racist abuse on social media – there’s no question in my mind that the reaction to the protests has been by far the least legitimate aspect of this situation.

Between 2011 and 2013, student protests in Chile demanded a new framework for education, one that would make it more egalitarian. This is a model of an economy closer to ours, when compared with wealthy countries that provide free education, such as Germany – and Chile has announced plans to do just that also. There are of course practical difficulties, and practical differences. And maybe you’d disagree that education should be a right at all, as it currently is in our Constitution.

These issues are by no means simple, and I am aware of instances in which the protests have overstepped various bounds, including practicality and even reason in the sense that some of the demands cannot possibly be implemented. It is also indisputable that universities should be institutions of elite learning, and that this costs money – money which can currently only come from student fees, at least in part, thanks to declining government subsidies. Yet, education is a right, and it’s one that we’re not fulfilling. No wonder students are angry.

By Jacques Rousseau

Jacques Rousseau teaches critical thinking and ethics at the University of Cape Town, South Africa, and is the founder and director of the Free Society Institute, a non-profit organisation promoting secular humanism and scientific reasoning.

4 replies on “#FeesMustFall – the student protests at South African universities”

I have been reading your posts and see that inflation is becoming a serious problem in SA. I’m concerned that this will cause even more difficulties for getting education funding for students. (I guess this makes me a white person who has been interested in #Rhodesmustfall, “#Feesmustfall, and “#Zumamustfall, although I haven’t attended any protests for any of these things because I live in the US :-).

I have been doing a great deal of reading about the education funding problem and haven’t seen any suggestions about linking up with universities in other countries to create satellite campus in SA. Perhaps if universities outside of SA created satellite campuses in SA, or the current SA universities establishes some sort of cooperative arrangement with universities outside SA, more funding would be available for SA universities and students. It might be worth considering. (I fully admit I have no expertise on any of these matters so my suggestion may very well be of no merit whatsoever. I’m just an interested by-stander watching from afar.)

BTW, according to this wikipedia article international branch campuses are a growing trend in university education:

We have a couple of international universities running satellite campuses- Monash comes to mind, plus the widespread availability of online education- but they typically don’t come with better financial support than our (poor) government funding scheme, sadly.

Well, no better funding is most unfortunate. There are universities in the US with endowment funds in the billions. You’d think we’d be willing to share the wealth at least a bit, but apparently not. What’s happening with college funding in SA is really an international problem. Education, in general, is an international problem. We should all be interested in doing our best to ensure that people everywhere get the education they need.

Here’s an interesting chart of universities in the US with endowment funds in the billions:

You would think that we’d be more willing to use at least some of this money to help students in other countries who are struggling to afford a college education. Or, perhaps, have the alumni associations of these universities set up international scholarship programs and funding campaigns to support it. I think a lot of alumni from these universities would be keen to participate in that type of endeavor.

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